Ep. 103: The United Nations Explained

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India was one of the founding members of the United Nations, but as a colony of the British Empire. Almost 75 years later, the UN has shaped international relations as we know it. The UN has played pivotal roles in completing decolonisation across the world, shaping the legal use of seas and oceans by all nations, and much more. Ameya Naik returns to The Pragati Podcast to talk about the United Nations and its role in global governance.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Ameya Naik is a non-resident Associate Fellow at the Takshashila Institution. Ameya has been on The Pragati Podcast before, to talk about sovereignty in Episode 42, about nuclear agreements with Iran and North Korean in Episodes 51 and 52, and about the Syrian Civil War in Episode 62.

If you want to learn more about India's early engagement with the United Nations, you can try Manu Bhagavan's book The Peacemakers: India and the Quest for One World.

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Ep. 102: Fiscal Federalism in India

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India is a Union of States, and Indian Republic's federal nature has been hardcoded into the Constitution. While political federalism is important, control over the purse strings often makes or breaks federalism. Pranay Kotasthane returns to The Pragati Podcast to help us understand how fiscal federalism works in India. Pranay and Pavan talk about the Finance Commission, recent developments and debates, and how the Planning Commission played an overwhelming role in fiscal federalism till it was abolished.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Pranay Kotasthane is the Head of Policy Research at the Takshashila Institution and hosts the Puliyabaazi Hindi Podcast.

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Ep. 101: Protecting the Commons

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Air pollution in our cities, vanishing groundwater, disappearing lakes and global climate change. What is common to all of them is that they suffer from the tragedy of the commons. Lingaraj Jayaprakash joins us on the Pragati Podcast to help us think about the commons better.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath. Starting this week, The Pragati Podcast will be airing every Wednesday instead of every Thursday.

Lingaraj Jayaprakash is a researcher at the Sustainable Futures Lab at McGill University who works on environment and development. He has just submitted his doctoral thesis on development and conservation in peri-urban Bengaluru. He is also popular on twitter as @vktkv.

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Ep. 100: A Long Strange Trip in Public Policy

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On the 100th episode of The Pragati Podcast, the tables have been turned. Host Pavan Srinath occupies the guest seat today, with Winona Laisram talking to him about his last decade of working in public policy, and recording one hundred episodes of The Pragati Podcast.

Winona Laisram is a Visual Designer and Communicator, who has also shared the last four years of Pavan's journey as his partner. Winona works extensively on branding and design for non-profits, startups and others, and was the Art Director for *Namma Pride 2016.

If you have any questions or comments, write in to podcast@thinkpragati.com.

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Ep. 99: Questioning Nationalism

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The world today is broadly organised into sovereign nation states, and we all believe that the Indian Nation exists and is thriving. But what is nationalism, at its core? How did nationalism really evolve in Europe, and are ideas like Indian nationalism and Tamil nationalism quite the same? Dr AP Ashwin Kumar joins us on Episode 99 of The Pragati Podcast to unpack nationalism, language and identity.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath. Starting this week, The Pragati Podcast will be airing every Wednesday instead of every Thursday.

AP Ashwin Kumar is a Senior Fellow at the Centre for Learning Futures at Ahmedabad University. Ashwin has a PhD in Cultural Studies from Manipal University, and has 10 years’ experience in teaching and research in Cultural Studies.

If you have any questions or comments, write in to podcast@thinkpragati.com.

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Ep. 98: Where is the Brexit?

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51.9 per cent of the people of Great Britain voted to leave the European Union in 2016. A country divided, Brexit is still in the works three years later and it has cost them two Prime Ministers. Anupam Manur talks to Pavan Srinath on Episode 98 of The Pragati Podcast on everything we need to know about Brexit.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath. Starting this week, The Pragati Podcast will be 0airing every Wednesday instead of every Thursday.

Anupam Manur is an economist at the Takshashila Institution who works on employment, market regulations and trade.

This episode of The Pragati Podcast is brought to you by Savaari. Savaari cabs are perfect for weekend trips out of town or a day in the city full of meetings. Savaari cabs are available in 98 Indian cities, and you can book your cab at the Savaari.com website, the Savaari App or by calling 090-4545-0000. Use the coupon code IVMTravel for Rs 250 off on your next rental, and get another 300 rupees as cashback on Amazon Pay

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Ep. 97: The Agenda for NDA 3.0

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The Narendra Modi-led NDA has won an unprecedented mandate for a second term in office. With a new cabinet being sworn in and 100 day plans being drawn up, what should be the top priorities of the new Government of India? Narayan Ramachandran returns to The Pragati Podcast to discuss what should be on top of the agenda for NDA 3.0.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath. In Episode 97, Narayan and Pavan discuss employment creation, banking reform and agricultural reform as the most pressing concerns for incoming government.

Narayan Ramachandran is co-founder and Fellow at the Takshashila Institution, formerly Chairman of RBL Bank, a social entrepreneur and an emerging market investor. He writes a regular column in Mint called A Visible Hand.

Also check out:
Previous episodes of The Pragati Podcast with Narayan, #38 on India's Banking Crisis, India's Economic Goals and on the Rupee in Flux.

Narayan's latest op-ed in Mint: The New Government Must Focus on Structural Reforms.

This episode of The Pragati Podcast is brought to you by Savaari. Savaari cabs are perfect for weekend trips out of town or a day in the city full of meetings. Savaari cabs are available in 98 Indian cities, and you can book your cab at the Savaari.com website, the Savaari App or by calling 090-4545-0000. Use the coupon code IVMTravel for Rs 250 off on your next rental, and get another 300 rupees as cashback on Amazon Pay

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Ep. 76: (Rebroadcast): India's Successes and Failures

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It's Election week in India, and as we wait to see who will form the next union government and who will become our prime minister, it's a great time to listen to the words of Dr Jayaprakash Narayan again. This is a rebroadcast of Episode 76 of the Pragati Podcast.

ow should we think about India as a republic and as a democracy? What has India succeeded in doing, and where do we still have a long way to go?
Dr Jayaprakash Narayan, known to all as Dr JP, shares his realism and his optimism with host Pavan Srinath in the first Pragati Podcast episode of 2019.

Dr JP has been at the forefront of reform and change in India, as an outstanding IAS officer, as the founder of the Lok Satta Party, as an MLA in Andhra Pradesh, as a member of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission, as the founder of the Foundation for Democratic Reforms, and as a lot more. His contributions are visible in numerous legislations and a few constitutional amendments, along with decades of public debates and action.

This episode of The Pragati Podcast is brought to you by Savaari. Savaari cabs are perfect for weekend trips out of town or a day in the city full of meetings. Savaari cabs are available in 98 Indian cities, and you can book your cab at the Savaari.com website, the Savaari App or by calling 090-4545-0000. Use the coupon code IVMTravel for Rs 250 off on your next rental, and get another 300 rupees as cashback on Amazon Pay

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Ep. 96: Afghanistan: A Republic in Peril

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Afghanistan was all set to go to elections this summer, but Afghanistan, its State and its people are all in peril. The Taliban are now on the negotiating table with global powers, often without the presence of the legitimate government of Afghanistan. Anand Arni and Pranay Kotasthane share how Afghanistan has been faring over the past two decades on Episode 96 of the Pragati Podcast.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations, hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Anand Arni is a Distinguished Fellow and Advisor at the Takshashila Institution, and retired as Special Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India. He served for over 37 years in the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), India’s external intelligence agency. He was a part of the hostage rescue team during the Flight IC814 hijacking crisis.
Pranay Kotasthane is Fellow and Head of the Geostrategy Programme at the Takshashila Institution.

Also listen to:
Afghanistan before 9/11, Episode 86 of The Pragati Podcast
Behind the Scenes of a Hostage Rescue Mission, Episode 70 of The Pragati Podcast

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This episode of The Pragati Podcast is brought to you by Savaari. Savaari cabs are perfect for weekend trips out of town or a day in the city full of meetings. Savaari cabs are available in 98 Indian cities, and you can book your cab at the Savaari.comwebsite, the Savaari App or by calling 090-4545-0000. Use the coupon code IVMTravel for Rs 250 off on your next rental, and get another 300 rupees as cashback on Amazon Pay.
You can also check them out on Facebook: :https://www.facebook.com/savaari/ & Instagram: Instagram:https://www.instagram.com/savaaricarrentals/

Ep. 95: Working with Government

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Bangalore has at least a 20 year legacy of private citizens working with city and state governments in a variety of ways. V Ravichandar symbolises that, as over the last 19 years he has worked with the government, driven change while being completely outside government, and has opposed government policies as well.

V Ravichandar joins host Pavan Srinath on Episode 95 of The Pragati Podcast to share his experience of working with governments, and sheds light on the challenges and constraints faced by government agencies, bureaucrats and politicians.
Ravichandar is Chairman, Feedback Consulting. He was a key member of the Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF) during 2000-04. He also help make a case for the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JN-NURM). Since 2006, he has been evangelizing the idea of City Connect (now in 5 cities) involving business, civil society and government. As a part of the Bangalore City Connect, Ravi helped conceive the Tender S.U.R.E initiative, which reimagined how roads were designed in Bangalore. Ravi was also part of the 3-member Government Expert Committee tasked with reimaging governance and administration for Bengaluru.

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Ep. 69: (Rebroadcast): Why do We Elect Criminals?

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This is a rebroadcast of Episode 69 of The Pragati Podcast with Pavan Srinath.

Milan Vaishnav joins host Pavan Srinath on Episode 69 of The Pragati Podcast to explain elections, money and crime in India.

Milan is a Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the author of When Crime Pays: Money and Muscle in Indian Politics. The book recently won the Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay NIF Book Prize for Best Non-Fiction Book of 2017

If you have any questions for Milan or the hosts, write in to podcast@thinkpragati.com and have it answered in a future episode.

If you are interested in public policy or international relations, check out courses by the Takshashila Institution at takshashila.org.in/education. Several courses are starting in January 2019.

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Ep. 94: Freedom on the Internet

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Internet access is an essential part of many of our lives. And in 2019, there are more than 500 million broadband internet connections in the country. While celebrating this success, we also need to ask how our rights and freedoms must be protected on the internet. Net neutrality, internet shutdowns, website blocks, online censorship, and free speech are critical issues as almost all of India comes online.

Apar Gupta joins host Pavan Srinath The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics, and international relations.

Apar Gupta is a Supreme Court Lawyer and the Executive Director of the Internet Freedom Foundation and was one of the key people behind the Save the Internet campaign.

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Ep. 93: Markets in Space

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Space exploration was unthinkable for anyone except the US and USSR in the early 1960s. Today, students and startups can launch satellites. Narayan Prasad joins us on this episode of The Pragati Podcast to tell us about this amazing transformation of human activities in space.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Narayan Prasad joins us to share how the space economy has evolved over the last sixty years, and what's happening in India.

Narayan Prasad is a co-founder at Satsearch, a global marketplace for space which is incubated by the European Space Agency. He is also an Associate Research Fellow at the European Space Policy Institute, and he helped start New Space India, where a growing group of space enthusiasts and professionals are coming together to form a community in India.

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Ep. 92: Public Choice, Voting and Governance

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Is it rational to vote? Is it rational for us to think about government as a benign entity? Amit Varma is back on Episode 92 of The Pragati Podcast to talk about public choice theory and how it can inform our thinking about governments and public decision-making.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Amit Varma hosts The Seen and the Unseen podcast and was at the helm of Pragati for the last two years.

Suggested readings:

Amit Varma's BloombergQuint column that uses public choice theory: https://www.bloombergquint.com/author/473427/amit-varma

Public Choice: A Primer, by Eamonn Butler. Full text: https://iea.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/IEA%20Public%20Choice%20web%20complete%2029.1.12.pdf

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Ep. 91: Meet an Astronaut

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Do astronauts grow up dreaming of going to space? What makes human spaceflight special? Listen to astronaut and former head of NASA Charlie Bolden on Episode 91 of the Pragati Podcast.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Major General Charles Frank Bolden Jr. grew up in South Carolina during the era of segregation, and went on to become a US Marine, a pilot and then a NASA astronaut. Clocking over 680 hours in orbit around the earth, Gen Bolden piloted two Space Shuttle Missions and commanded two more between 1986 and 1994. After retiring from his military career, he was called back by Barack Obama to serve as the NASA Administrator for 8 years. He is currently the US State Department Envoy for Space, and visited Bangalore in this capacity. He is on twitter at @cboldenjr.

This short episode was made possible thanks to Provoke Lifestyle, South India's Premier Lifestyle & Social Magazine and its Editor-in-Chief Rōmal Lāisram, as well as the US Consulate in Chennai.

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Ep. 90: Not Just A Civil Servant

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We hear about the all-powerful District Collector or Deputy Commissioner in every district in India, but what do they really do? How was the Government of India's first successful health insurance scheme launched? What is the relationship between civil servants and politicians? Anil Swarup talks about his stellar career as an IAS Officer on Episode 90 of The Pragati Podcast.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Mr. Anil Swarup is a former Secretary, Government of India, a retired IAS officer and the author of Not Just a Civil Servant, where he chronicles his 38 years working for Governments of India and Uttar Pradesh.

In his career, Mr. Swarup has handled India's Coal auctions in the aftermath of the Coal Scam. He has served as Secretary, School Education, and while working in the Labour Ministry, helped conceive and launch the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana, a government-funded health insurance scheme for poor workers and their families.

Not Just a Civil Servant is available in hardcover and on Amazon Kindle: https://www.amazon.in/JUST-CIVIL-SERVANT-Anil-Swarup/dp/8178064790

New Podcast Alert! Hamsini Hariharan, long-time co-host of The Pragati Podcast has now started a new foreign policy podcast called States of Anarchy on the IVM Podcast Network. Available on all your favourite podcast apps. Listen to the podcast here: http://ivmpodcasts.com/states-of-anarchy

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Ep. 89: Science Journalism in India

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Great science needs great journalism, and that's in short supply in India. Nandita Jayaraj and Vasudevan Mukunth talk about science journalism on Episode 89 of The Pragati Podcast.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly talkshow on public policy, economics and international relations, hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Nandita Jayaraj is the co-founder of www.thelifeofscience.com, an independent collective and a media platform focusing on women scientists in India. This includes articles, interviews and a podcast. Vasudevan Mukunth is the Science Editor for The Wire, who built the science section of The Wire from the ground up.

Some suggested links:
www.thelifeofscience.com
Blood Ties with Suku-Shan, by Nandita Jayaraj: https://www.thehindu.com/features/magazine/blood-ties-with-sukushan/article4771801.ece
Vasudevan Mukunth's writings on The Wire: https://thewire.in/author/mukunth

Kannada barutta? Check out The Thale-Harate Kannada Podcast co-hosted by Pavan Srinath, with fantastic conversations on Bangalore, Karnataka and the world every Wednesday.
http://ivmpodcasts.com/harate-kannada-podcast

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Ep. 88: India's Telecom Revolution

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As we enter 2019, Indians have close to 1.2 billion phone connections, and close to half a billion smartphones with 3G and 4G connections. India got here by leap-frogging over wired telephones to cellphones, and over computers directly to smartphones. Rahul Matthan returns to the Pragati Podcast to talk about what made India's telecom revolution happen.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

In this episode, Rahul and Pavan discuss how India liberalised its telecom policies step by step, allowing the sector to grow, allowing competition to thrive, and enabling millions and now close to a billion Indians to get access to cellphones and get connected with the rest of India and the world. They also discuss what policy imperatives drive telecom regulations, TRAI as a regulator, and what India's policy challenges are beyond 2019.

Rahul Matthan is lawyer and Partner at Trilegal who has specialised in technology, media and telecom law in India. He has been a regular guest on the Pragati Podcast, previously appearing on Episodes 53, 54 and 64 among others, to talk about the the evolution of privacy in India and the world, and helped us unpack the Supreme Court's judgments on Aadhaar in 2018.

Rahul is the author of Privacy 1.0 to 3.0: Unlocking our Data-Driven Future. Rahul has also contributed a chapter on telecom regulation in an upcoming book: Regulation in India: Design, Capacity, Performance edited by Devesh Kapur and Madhav Khosla.

New Podcast Alert! Hamsini Hariharan, long time co-host of The Pragati Podcast has now started a new foreign policy podcast called States of Anarchy on the IVM Podcast Network. Available on all your favourite podcast apps. Listen to the first episode here: http://ivmpodcasts.com/states-of-anarchy

You can listen to this show and other awesome shows on the new and improved IVM Podcast App on Android: https://ivm.today/android
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Ep. 87: The Growth of Indian E-Commerce

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How did E-Commerce grow from next to nothing in India a decade ago to a $50 Billion industry today? Is Indian e-commerce business little more than a clone of e-commerce in the United States or elsewhere? Akshay Alladi talks about the business and the public policy challenges of e-commerce on Episode 87 of The Pragati Podcast.

The Pragati Podcast is a weekly show on public policy, economics and international relations hosted by Pavan Srinath.

Akshay Alladi chronicles the rise of e-commerce and online retail in India, shares India-specific innovations that took place, and what caused various inflection points in its growth. He talks about various aspects of the business, and also about how foreign direct investment, taxation policies and more affect online retail. The episode also includes a discussion on the most recent 'clarification' issued by the Government of India on FDI in e-commerce, and how it can profoundly reshape the sector for the worse.

Akshay has worked at key roles at Flipkart and Ola, with a career in management consulting before that. Akshay is currently working in venture capital in Bangalore.

Related readings:

Anupam Manur: How to Regulate Internet Platforms Without Breaking Them. https://www.asiaglobalonline.hku.hk/regulate-internet-platforms-antitrust-competition/

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Ep. 86: Afghanistan before 9/11

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2019 is an important year for Afghanistan, with national elections scheduled for July. At the same time, the people and the State of Afghanistan continues to face grave threats to their national security, and the Taliban continue to remain relevant.

Afghanistan regained a lost spotlight in 2001 with the 9/11 attacks and the US War on Terror, but what was Afghanistan like in the 1980s and 90s? Who were the Taliban and how did they rise to power? How did India remain engaged with Afghanistan's legitimate government and the Northern Alliance when most of the world looked away?

Anand Arni and Pranay Kotasthane join host Pavan Srinath on Episode 86 of the Pragati Podcast to talk about Afghanistan before 9/11.

Mr Arni is a Distinguished Fellow and Advisor at the Takshashila Institution, and retired as Special Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India. He served for over 37 years in the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), India’s external intelligence agency. He was a part of the hostage rescue team during the Flight IC814 hijacking crisis. Pranay is Fellow and Head of the Geostrategy Programme at the Takshashila Institution.

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